I am a former economist who is currently researching and writing about the reconstruction of ancient Middle Eastern History. There is mounting concern that Egyptologists and Archaeologists, and many 'experts' in other disciplines within The Academy have been knowingly suppressing the truth about chronology. Myself and others believe we can now prove that only a few of the dynasties that are said to have ruled Egypt (and Ethiopia-Sudan-Numibia) actually did. Furthermore, we believe there is now good evidence to show that Egypt's dynasties did not begin until circa 2200 BC.
- Dynasties I-V (1-5) circa 2200-1950 BC gave way to Dynasties XI and XII (11 and 12) which presumably firstly welcomed the Jewish Patriarch Jacob (XIth, circa 1900 BC) and family (including Joseph who had already arrived there as a slave) then secondly, or later, persecuted them (XIIth, circa 1700-1500 BC). The last two pharaohs of the XIIth Dynasties were Amenemhat III who ruled for about 43 years and Amenemhat IV who presumably was pharaoh when the Red Sea disaster destroyed the Egyptian army. Israel's Moses had to wait 40 years in the deserts of "Midian" (Medina) as he sat out the long reign of Amenemhat III. Three XIth dynasty kings named "Inyotef" or "Inyosef" or "Joseph" attest to the Biblical statement that "Joseph was a father to pharaoh" because the grateful Montuhotep I (first king of the XIth dynasty) named his son and heir after Joseph whose ability to interpret Montuhotep's dreams saved Egypt and many other countries from the effects of a seven-year famine. Inyotef I and II likewise named their heirs "Joseph". These two consecutive dynasties fit the requirement for the first to have kings named "Joseph" and for the next or second to have a king who lived for forty years to accommodate Moses' long 40-year vigil as a refugee in the Arabian deserts. Only the XIth and XII meet these conditions assuming it is agreed they have been placed in the wrong centuries by the orthodox chronology. No matter what century is given to the XVIII and XIX (18th and 19th) dynasties or dynasties XVII and XX which preceded or followed them, these dynasties simply cannot fit those two conditions. They have no kings named "Joseph", although Rameses II of dynasty XIX did rule for about 40 years. The problem then is that the XIX was succeeded by the XX and Ramesses III with no massive intervening disasters as happened after the XIIth.
- For 400-450 years [dynasties VII to X (7-10) and XIII to XVI (13-16)] circa 1500-1050 BC, the Hyksos (the Biblical Amalekites) then ransacked and overran the country until Kings Saul (circa 1040-1000) and David of Israel (circa 1000-970), probably assisted by the Ethiopians from the South, defeated Amalek-Hyksos. That defeat led to a friendship between the kingdoms of Egypt united with Ethiopia under the famous XVIII Dynasty (18th), Israel ruled by David and Solomon and the Phoenician city-states led by Hirams I and II of Tyre. Queen Hatshepsut [The Sign (H'at) of the Sheba (Shep) of the South (Sut)] was the Queen Sheba who left Egypt on a state visit to Israel and Phoenicia (Punt) in circa 950 BC.
- After the demise of the XVIIIth Dynasty under Akhenaten and Tutenkhamen (circa 800 BC) and the demise of the divided kingdom of Israel which had earlier split into the North (Samaria) and South (Judah) in circa 930 BC, the Middle East gradually sank into decadence. A disaster in Iraq (Babylon, Sumer, Shinar, Mesopotamia) involving the failure of the fresh water systems (Euphrates and Tigris) to prevent salts destroying the soils, led to another exodus, this time of the Kurds or Chaldeans (a.k.a. Hittites) from Southern Iraq. The Assyrian city states merged into a powerful force in the wake of this crisis and they settled the refugee Kurd-Chaldeans in their current location (North Iraq, Iran and Turkey).
- These destabilising forces led to the Chaldeans allying with the Scythians and Medes and destroying Assyria in circa 620 BC. Tyre and North Israel had been subjugated by Assyria. Egypt, prostrate after the demise of the XVIIIth Dynasty, and subject to invasions of Ethiopians or Carthaginians ('Libyans' or 'Phoenicians'), had looked to Assyria for support. The XIX Dynasty under Sety and Ramesses the Great emerged, possibly with Assyrian assistance, to control Egypt from circa 670 to 580 BC after which the foreigners Nebuchadnezzar the Chaldean, the Persians (500 BC), Greeks (300 BC) and Romans took over for good.
- We submit that Ramesses the Great ruled Egypt from circa 650-610 BC not 1250 BC as is believed under the orthodox chronology. We believe this is proved by the fact that his successor Merneptah Baenre Meriamun Hotephirmaat (The Hophra of Jeremiah 44:30) wrote the famous Israel or Merneptah Stele which said, "Israel's Seed is destroyed; The Land razed to the ground". That statement could only be true of Israel in 610-586 BC when the Chaldeans after three successive invasions finally wiped the place out. Jeremiah's Lamentations is the parallel account to the Merneptah Stele. Merneptah did not write it in 1210 BC but in circa 586 BC if not that very year.
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3 April, 2017